How to Cite an Encyclopedia in Print in MLA
Be sure to include the name of author (if given), the name of the article, the name of the reference book, the edition, and the year of publication. If the reference book is well known, do not include the publication information.
Last, First M., and First M. Last. "Article Title." Encyclopedia Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Page(s). Print.
McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. "Insects." Encyclopedia of Animals. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2007. 170-71. Print
Posner, Rebecca. "Romance Languages." The Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropedia. 15th ed. 1987. Print.
How to Cite an Encyclopedia Online in MLA
Last, First M., and First M. Last. "Article Title." Encyclopedia Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Website Title. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. "Insects." Encyclopedia of Animals. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2007. Google Books. Web. 2 Jan. 2010.
Hassler, Warren W. "American Civil War." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013.
How to Cite an Encyclopedia on a Database in MLA
Last, First M. "Article Title" Encyclopedia Name. Ed. First M. Last. Vol. Volume. City: Publisher, Year Published. Database Name. Web Date Month Year.
Holmes, Heather. "Advertising of Food" Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. Ed. Solomon H. Katz. Vol. 1. New York: Scribner's, 2003. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 2 July 2010.
Bunson, Margaret R. "Historical Overview." Encyclopedia on Ancient Egypt. 3rd ed. New York: Infobase, 2012. Xii-Xv. Gale Cengage Catalog. Web. 4 Jan. 2013.
Make sure to:
- Choose if the source was published directly online or originally in print.
- Find the date that the article was electronically published.
- For well-known reference works, it is not necessary to include full publication information.
View our visual citation guide on how to cite an Encyclopedia in MLA format.
Book - Print
For print books, bibliographic information can be found on the TITLE PAGE. This page has the complete title of the book, author(s) and publication information.
The publisher information will vary according to the publisher - sometimes this page will include the name of the publisher, the place of publication and the date.
For this example:
Book title: HTML, XHTML, and CSS Bible
Author: Steven M. Schafer
Publisher: Wiley Publications, Inc.
If you cannot find the place or date of publication on the title page, refer to the COPYRIGHT PAGE for this information. The copyright page is the page behind the title page, usually written in a small font, it carries the copyright notice, edition information, publication information, printing history, cataloging data, and the ISBN number.
For this example:
Place of publication: Indianapolis, IN
Date of publication: 2010