Free Cs Lewis Essays

Articles

About C. S. Lewis
Articles by C. S. Lewis

Economics
Literature, Art and Imagination
Philosophy and Theology
Politics and Public Policy
Psychology
Science and Scientism
Theism vs. Naturalism

About C. S. Lewis:

Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works by C.S. Lewis

C. S. Lewis: A Modest Literary Biography and Bibliography, by Bruce L. Edwards

C. S. Lewis (1898-1963)

C. S. Lewis: A Profile of His Life

C. S. Lewis: Public Christian and Scholar, by Bruce L. Edwards

C. S. Lewis: Superstar, by Bob Smietana

C.S. Lewis: Supervisor, by Alastair Fowler

The Creator of Narnia: C. S. Lewis, by Ann-Marie Imbornoni

God’s Storyteller: The Curious Life and Prodigious Influence of C. S. Lewis, the Man Behind The Chronicles of Narnia, by Jay Tolson

Interesting and Unusual Facts about C. S. Lewis, compiled by Robert Trexler and Jennifer Trafton

Myth Matters: C. S. Lewis Bequeathed Us a Method and a Language for Sharing the Gospel with the Modern and Postmodern World, by Louis A. Markos

The Philosophical Journey of C.S. Lewis, by Glenn J. Giokaris

Recollections on Life with C.S. Lewis: An Interview with Walter Hooper, by Mark Neal

The Relevance and Challenge of C. S. Lewis, by Mark Brumley

Still Surprised by Lewis, by James I. Packer

The Thought and Work of C. S. Lewis, by Carl E. Olson

Articles by C. S. Lewis:

"Bulverism"

Christian Marriage

Christianity Is One Great Miracle – The Grand Miracle

Essay on Forgiveness

The Great Sin

Have We No Right to Happiness?

The Hobbit: A Book Review

The Humanitarian Theory of Punishment

The Inner Ring ... On Making Good Men Do Bad Things

The Literary Impact of the Authorised Version

Is Progress Possible? Willing Slaves of the Welfare State

Man or Rabbit?

Meditation in a Toolshed (pdf file)

"Miserable Offenders": An Interpretation of Prayer Book Language

Modern Theology and Biblical Criticism (also titled Fern-Seed and Elephants)

On Three Ways of Writing for Children, by C.S. Lewis

Screwtape Proposes a Toast

Time and Beyond Time

The Weight of Glory (pdf file)

Economics:

"All Mankind is One": The Libertarian Tradition in Sixteenth Century Spain, by Carl Watner (pdf file)

C. S. Lewis: Free-Market Advocate, by Harold B. Jones, Jr.

Capitalism and Catholicism, by Thomas E. Woods, Jr.

Catholic Liberalism (references)

Catholic Social Teaching and Economic Law: An Unresolved Tension, by Thomas E. Woods, Jr.

Catholic Social Teaching and the Market Economy Revisited: A Reply to Thomas Storck, by Thomas E. Woods, Jr. (pdf file)

Catholicism, Protestantism, and Capitalism, by Murray N. Rothbard

Catholicism's Developing Social Teachings, by Robert A. Sirico

Christian Ethics, Formal Institutions, and Economic Growth, by Art Carden

The Christian Response to Poverty: Working with God’s Economic Laws, by James A. Sadowsky

Christianity and Hayek, by Kenneth G. Elzinga and Matthew R. Givens (pdf file)

Christianity's Free-Market Tradition, by Stephen Carson

Connections Between the Austrian School of Economics and Christian Faith: A Personalist Approach, by Paul A. Cleveland

Economic Behavior: An Inherent Problem With Utilitarianism, by Paul A. Cleveland

Economic Growth: What’s Love Got to do With It?, by Paul A. Cleveland

Economic Liberty, by Paul A. Cleveland

Economic Science and the Poverty of Naturalism: C. S. Lewis’s “Argument from Reason”, by David J. Theroux

Economics as Science: A Catholic Defense of the Free Market, by Thomas E. Woods, Jr.

The Economics of Religion: A Symposium, articles by Laurence R. Iannaccone, Derek Neal, Peter Boettke, and Deirdre McCloskey

The Economics of Sin Taxes, by James A. Sadowsky

The Failure of Utilitarian Ethics in Political Economy, by Paul A. Cleveland

Faith and Liberty: The Economic Thought of the Late Scholastics, by Alejandro Chafuen, reviewed by Thomas E. Woods, Jr.

Francis Wayland: Preacher-Economist, by Laurence M. Vance

Free Market Economists: 400 Years Ago, by Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr.

Heavens Above! The Relation of Ethics and Economics, by Gerald Casey

The Heritage of the Spanish Scholastics, by Leonard P. Liggio

How Christianity Led to Freedom, Capitalism, and the Success of the West, by Rodney Stark

An Introduction to Economics as a Moral Science, by James E. Alvey (pdf file)

Is Thomas Woods a “Dissenter”?, by Thomas E. Woods, Jr.

Juan de Mariana: The Influence of the Spanish Scholastics, by Jesus Huerta de Soto

The Late-Scholastic and Austrian Link to Modern Catholic Economic Thought, by Robert A. Sirico (pdf file)

Mere Economic Science: C. S. Lewis and the Poverty of Naturalism, by David J. Theroux

Morality and Economic Law: Toward a Reconciliation, by Thomas E. Woods, Jr.

The Myth of the Just Price, by Laurence M. Vance

New Light on the Prehistory of the Austrian School, by Murray N. Rothbard

New Light on the Prehistory of the Theory of Banking and the School of Salamanca, by Jesus Huerta de Soto (pdf file)

On Chris Ferrara, by Thomas E. Woods, Jr.

On the Actual Progress of Peoples, by Thomas E. Woods, Jr.

The Parable of the Talents: The Bible and Entrepreneurs, by Robert A. Sirico

The Philosopher-Theologian: St. Thomas Aquinas, by Murray N. Rothbard

The Roots of Austrian Economics in the Analysis of the Spanish Scholastics of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, by Thayer Watkins

The School of Salamanca

The Spanish Roots of the Austrian School: An Interview with Jesús Huerta de Soto

Literature, Art and Imagination:

The Abolition of Man: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

The Abolition of Man: A Summary, by Arend Smilde

Aldous Huxley and C. S. Lewis: Novelists of Two Religion, by Chad Walsh (pdf file)

Are The Chronicles of Narnia Sexist and Racist? by Devin G. Brown

C. S. Lewis and Philip Pullman, by Michael Ward (pdf file)

C.S. Lewis and the Arts, by Will Vaus

C. S. Lewis and the Case for Responsible Scholarship, by Bruce L. Edwards

C. S. Lewis and the Riddle of Joy, by Michael Gleghorn

C. S. Lewis and the Star of Bethlehem: Recovering the Medieval Imagination, by Michael Ward

C.S. Lewis: Supervisor, by Alastair Fowler

The Childlike in George Macdonald and C. S. Lewis, by Don W. King

The Great Escape, by David Brooks

The Importance of Imagination for C. S. Lewis and for Us, by Art Lindsley (pdf file)

In Defense of C.S. Lewis, by Gregg Easterbrook

Harry Potter and the Inklings: The Christian Meaning of The Chamber of Secrets, by John Granger

Is This Man Caspian?, by Devin Brown

Letters to Malcolm: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

The Literary Impact of the Authorised Version, by C. S. Lewis

Living Legacies: C. S. Lewis, Tolkien, and the Gollancz Connection, by Arend Smilde

Looking Back to Eden: The Poetry of C. S. Lewis, by Luci Shaw

Meditation in a Toolshed, by C.S. Lewis (pdf file)

Myth Matters: C. S. Lewis Bequeathed Us a Method and a Language for Sharing the Gospel with the Modern and Postmodern World, by Louis A. Markos

Narnia and the Seven Deadly Sins, by Don W. King

Narnia’s Secret, by Michael Ward

Notes for As One Devil to Another:A Fiendish Correspondence in the Tradition of C.S. Lewis’s The Screwtape Letters, by Richard Platt, by Robert E. Brylawski (pdf file)

Notes and Ideas for The Horse and His Boy, by C.S. Lewis, by Andrew Dósa (pdf file)

On Three Ways of Writing for Children, by C.S. Lewis

Out of the Silent Planet: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

Oz vs. Narnia, by Laura Miller

Perelandra: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

The Pilgrim’s Regress: Notes on Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

Recollections on Life with C.S. Lewis: An Interview with Walter Hooper, by Mark Neal

Reflections on the Psalms: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

The Scientist Takes Over: Review of C. S. Lewis, That Hideous Strength, by George Orwell

The Screwtape Letters: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

Surprised by Joy: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

That Hideous Strength: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

The Woman Who Drew Narnia: Pauline Baynes, by Charlotte Cory

The View from Other Worlds—Seeing Ourselves with God’s Eyes, by Luci Shaw

Philosophy and Theology:

The Abolition of Man: Notes and Intro, by Andrew Dósa (pdf file)

The Abolition of Man, One More Time, by Steven Garber (pdf file)

The Abolition of Man: A Summary, by Arend Smilde

Adams on Actualism and Presentism, by William Lane Craig

Advice to Christian Philosophers, by Alvin Plantinga

Alstonian Foundationalism and Higher-Level Theistic Evidentialism, by Michael Sudduth

Argument from Desire, by Art Lindsley (pdf file)

Ayn Rand Didn’t Understand Capitalism. Or Altruism. Or Christianity. Or Reality, by Joe Carter

Ayn Rand's marginalia on C. S. Lewis, The Abolition of Man, compiled by Arend Smilde

Beware of Philosophy: A Warning to Biblical Scholars, by Norman L. Geisler

Blaise Pascal, by Carl Olson

The Bodily Resurrection of Jesus, by William Lane Craig

C. S. Lewis and Community, by Kristie Eshelman

C. S. Lewis and the Star of Bethlehem: Recovering the Medieval Imagination, by Michael Ward

C. S. Lewis: Free-Market Advocate, by Harold B. Jones, Jr.

C.S. Lewis on Absolutes, by Art Lindsley (pdf file)

C. S. Lewis on Christmas, by Kathryn Lindskoog

C. S. Lewis on Death and Immortality, by Art Lindsley (pdf file)

C. S. Lewis on Freud and Marx, by Art Lindsley (pdf file)

C. S. Lewis on Mere Liberty and the Evils of Statism, by David J. Theroux (Spanish version)

C. S. Lewis on Miracles, by Art Lindsley (pdf file)

C. S. Lewis on Postmodernism, by Art Lindsley (pdf file)

C. S. Lewis: The Problem of Pain, by Jacek Bacz

Can Philosophy Be Christian? by Avery Cardinal Dulles

Can Religious Belief Be Proper Function Rational? by Michael Sudduth

Can There Be an Endless Regress of Causes?, by James A. Sadowsky

The Case for Life After Death, by Peter Kreeft

The Christian Challenge in the Postmodern World, by N. T. Wright

Christian Ethics, Formal Institutions, and Economic Growth, by Art Carden

Christian Origins and the Resurrection of Jesus: The Resurrection of Jesus as a Historical Problem, by N. T. Wright

Christianity and Hayek, by Kenneth G. Elzinga and Matthew R. Givens (pdf file)

Contemporary Scholarship and the Historical Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, by William Lane Craig

Creation and Covenant, by N. T. Wright

Creation, Providence, and Miracle, by William Lane Craig

Decoding The Da Vinci Code: The Challenge of Historic Christianity to Post-Modern Fantasy, by N. T. Wright

Determinism and Freedom Philosophy Website, edited by Ted Honderich

Divine Foreknowledge and Newcomb's Paradox, by William Lane Craig

Divine Timelessness and Personhood, by William Lane Craig

Divine Timelessness and Necessary Existence, by William Lane Craig

Doing Justice to Jesus: A Response to J.D. Crossan: "What Victory? What God?", by N. T. Wright

Early Traditions and the Origins of Christianity, by N. T. Wright

The Everyday C. S. Lewis, by Gilbert Meilaender

The Existence and Nature of the Soul, by Matt Perman

A Foundationalist Case for the Compatibility of Theistic Evidentialism and the Religious Epistemology of Alvin Plantinga, by Michael Sudduth

Free Market Economists: 400 Years Ago, by Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr

From Pillar to Postmodernism: C. S. Lewis and Current Critical Discourse, by David C. Downing

From Relativism and Skepticism to Truth and Certainty, by Josef Seifert

The Galileo Affair, by George Sim Johnston

The Galileo Legend, by Thomas Lessl

God and Caesar, Then and Now, by N. T. Wright (pdf file)

God, 9/11, the Tsunami, and the New Problem of Evil, by N. T. Wright

God, Time and Eternity, by William Lane Craig

God's Way of Acting, by N. T. Wright

Heaven Here and Now and Why Good Things Happen to Bad People, by Roy Abraham Varghese

The Heritage of the Spanish Scholastics, by Leonard P. Liggio

The Historical Jesus and Christian Theology, by N. T. Wright

The Holy Spirit in the Church, by N. T. Wright

How Can The Bible Be Authoritative?, by N. T. Wright

How Heathen was Britain ...in the days of C. S. Lewis? by Arend Smilde

Hume, Kant, and Rational Theism, by Hugo Meynell

The Inner Ring ... On Making Good Men Do Bad Things, by C. S. Lewis

Intellectual Sophistication and Basic Belief in God, by Alvin Plantinga

Is There a Role for Natural Theology Today? by Owen Gingerich

Jesus and the identity of God, by N. T. Wright

Jesus, Israel and the Cross, by N. T. Wright (pdf file)

Jesus’ Resurrection and Christian Origins, by N. T. Wright

A Jurisprudential Analysis of Hume’s "In Principle" Argument Against Miracles, by Paul K. Hoffman

The Justification of Theism, by Richard G. Swinburne

Leibniz, Divine Foreknowledge, and Human Freedom, by Alfred J. Freddoso

The Letter to the Galatians: Exegesis and Theology, by N. T. Wright

Letters to Malcolm: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

The Literary Impact of the Authorised Version, by C. S. Lewis

Making Doctrine Dance: Why Lewis Defied Convention and Opposition in Order to Bring Christian Truth into the Public Arena, by Christopher Mitchell

Mary Midgley on C. S. Lewis: ‘I still find his thought terribly helpful’ Letters to and from Mary Midgley on C. S. Lewis, 1996–1998 and 2006–2007, compiled by Arend Smilde

Meditation in a Toolshed, by C.S. Lewis (pdf file)

A Meditation on Evil, by James V. Schall

Mere Apologetics, by Avery Cardinal Dulles

Mere Christianity: Richard Baxter, the Source of the Phrase, by Arend Smilde

Mere Economic Science: C. S. Lewis and the Poverty of Naturalism, by David J. Theroux

Mere Friendship: C.S. Lewis on a Great Joy, by David J. Theroux

Middle Knowledge and Christian Exclusivism, by William Lane Craig

Miracles: A Preliminary Study: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

Modern Theology and Biblical Criticism (also titled Fern-Seed and Elephants), by C.S. Lewis

Morality and Economic Law: Toward a Reconciliation, by Thomas E. Woods, Jr.

The Most Dangerous Baby: How an infant in a cow shed overturns the brute force of Caesar, by N. T. Wright

The Mystery of Metaphysical Freedom, by Peter van Inwagen

Naturalism and Libertarian Agency, by Stewart Goetz

Natural Law or Nihilism? by Michael D. Aeschliman

New Perspectives on Paul, by N. T. Wright

No God? No Good, by William Lane Craig

"No Other Name": A Middle Knowledge Perspective on the Exclusivity of Salvation Through Christ, by William Lane Craig

On the Argument for Divine Timelessness from the Incompleteness of Temporal Life, by William Lane Craig

On Free Will, by Peter van Inwagen

Pascal’s Wager: Logical Consistency and Usefulness as an Argument for the Existence of God, by Robert Peterson

Paul's Gospel and Caesar's Empire, by N. T. Wright

Philosophers Who Believe: An Introduction, by Kelly James Clark

The Philosopher-Theologian: St. Thomas Aquinas, by Murray N. Rothbard

Plantinga's Revision of the Reformed Tradition: Rethinking Our Natural Knowledge of God, by Michael Sudduth

A Possible Perfect World: Examining the Anti-theistic Argument Based On the Problem of Evil, by John Gay

The Probability of the Resurrection of Jesus, by Richard Swinburne (pdf file)

The Problem of Evil, by Art Lindsley (pdf file)

The Problem of Evil (How Can A Good God Allow Evil?), by Rick Rood

The Problem of Miracles: A Historical and Philosophical Perspective, by William Lane Craig

A Proposal for Revising Classical Evidentialism, by Michael Sudduth

Purtill on Fatalism and Truth, by William Lane Craig

Reading Mere Christianity, by C.S. Lewis, by Andrew Dósa (pdf file)

Reading Orthodoxy, by G. K. Chesterton, by Andrew Dósa (pdf file)

Recollections on Life with C.S. Lewis: An Interview with Walter Hooper, by Mark Neal

Reflections on the Psalms: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

Restoration of Man: To Mark the Fiftieth Anniversary of C.S. Lewis's The Abolition of Man, by John R. Lucas

The Restoration of the Person and the Uses of Memory, by Michael D. Aeschliman

The Resurrection and the Postmodern Dilemma, by N. T. Wright

The Resurrection of the Son of God, by N. T. Wright

Resurrection: From Theology to Music and Back Again, by N. T. Wright

Robert Adams's New Anti-Molinist Argument, by William Lane Craig

[Heinrich] Rommen and Natural Law, by Russell Hittinger

A Salute to Jacques Maritain, by Michael Novak

Sam Harris: Believing in Almost Anything, by David J. Theroux

Screwtape Proposes a Toast, by C.S. Lewis

Secular Theocracy: The Foundations and Folly of Modern Tyranny, by David J. Theroux

Social Justice Reconsidered: Austrian Economics and Catholic Social Teaching, by Edward Feser

Sounding the Alarm: N.T. Wright and Evangelical Theology, by Travis Tamerius

Surprised by Joy: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

Tachyons, Time Travel, and Divine Omniscience, by William Lane Craig

Taking the Text with Her Pleasure: A Post-Post-Modernist Response to J. Dominic Crossan The Historical Jesus: The Life of a Mediterranean Jewish Peasant, by N. T. Wright

The Teleological Argument and the Anthropic Principle, by William Lane Craig

Truth in the Fire: C. S. Lewis and Pursuit of Truth Today, by Dallas Willard

Twenty Arguments for the Existence of God, by Peter Kreeft

Two Dozen (or so) Theistic Arguments, by Alvin Plantinga

Understanding the Trinity, by Jeffrey Brower and Michael Rae (pdf file)

University Battles: C. S. Lewis and the Oxford University Socratic Club, by Christopher W. Mitchell

The Weight of Glory, by C.S. Lewis (pdf file)

What Lewis really did to Miracles: A philosophical layman’s attempt to understand the Anscombe affair, by Arend Smilde

Why I Believe in God, by Cornelius Van Til

Why Searle Is a Property Dualist, by Edward Feser

Women’s Service in the Church: The Biblical Basis, by N. T. Wright

The Wright Quest for the Historical Jesus, by Ben Witherington, III

Politics and Public Policy:

The Abolition of Man? How Politics and Culture Have Been Dehumanized in the Name of Science, by John G. West

The Abolition of Man: Notes and Intro, by Andrew Dósa (pdf file)

Alexander Campbell, Tolbert Fanning, David Lipscomb: A Nineteenth-Century Anti-War Triumvirate, by Laurence M. Vance

Amazing Ideas: William Wilberforce and Classical Liberalism, by S. T. Karnick

Are The Chronicles of Narnia Sexist and Racist? by Devin G. Brown

Battle for the Mind, by Edmund A. Opitz

C. S. Lewis and the State: An Interview with David Theroux

C. S. Lewis and Community, by Kristie Eshelman

C. S. Lewis: Free-Market Advocate, by Harold B. Jones, Jr.

C. S. Lewis in the Public Square, by Richard John Neuhaus

C. S. Lewis: Jack the Giant Killer, by Michael D. Aeschlimen

C. S. Lewis on Mere Liberty and the Evils of Statism, by David J. Theroux (Spanish version)

Can We Be Good without God? by William Lane Craig

The Christian Libertarian FAQ Is Having Some Issues, by Norman Horn

The Christian Response to Poverty: Working with God’s Economic Laws, by James A. Sadowsky

Christianity, Classical Liberalism Are Liberty's Foundations, by Leonard P. Liggio

Christianity and Hayek, by Kenneth G. Elzinga and Matthew R. Givens (pdf file)

Christianity and War, by Laurence M. Vance

Christianity, Classical Liberalism are Liberty's Foundations, interview with Leonard P. Liggio

Does Religion Cause Violence: Behind the common question lies a morass of unclear thinking, by William T. Cavanaugh

The Economics of Sin Taxes, by James A. Sadowsky

Eugenics, Past and Future, by Ross Douthat

Finding the Permanent in the Political: C. S. Lewis as a Political Thinker, by John G. West, Jr.

Free Market Economists: 400 Years Ago, by Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr.

The Galileo Legend, by Thomas Lessl

The Heritage of the Spanish Scholastics, by Leonard P. Liggio

Higher-Order Marriage: Progressive Myths and Christianity's Deeper Revolution, by David J. Theroux

The History of Freedom in Antiquity, by Lord Acton

The History of Freedom in Christianity, by Lord Acton

The Horrifying American Roots of Nazi Eugenics, by Edwin Black

How Christianity Led to Freedom, Capitalism, and the Success of the West, by Rodney Stark

The Humanitarian Theory of Punishment, by C. S. Lewis

Is Progress Possible? Willing Slaves of the Welfare State, by C. S. Lewis

Jim Wallis and the Folly of "Progressive" Christianity, by David J. Theroux

Live Longer, Healthier, and Better: The Untold Benefits of Becoming a Christian in the Ancient World, by Rodney Stark

"Miserable Offenders": An Interpretation of Prayer Book Language, by C. S. Lewis

The Myth of the Just Price, by Laurence M. Vance

Onward, Secular Soldiers, Marching as to War, by Joseph Stromberg

Parents vs. the State, by Micheal D. Aeschliman

Peace and State Coercion in Augustine’s Thought, by Ryan McMaken

The Philosopher-Theologian: St. Thomas Aquinas, by Murray N. Rothbard

The Political and Apolitical C.S. Lewis, by Micah Watson

The Power of the State versus the Power of Love, by Robert Higgs

Private Property and Collective Ownership, by James A. Sadowsky

Property in Roman Religion and Early Christian Fathers, by Lieonard p. Liggio

Religious Roots of Liberty, by Edmund A. Opitz

Red-letter Christianity or Red-Flag Socialism?, by Bob Meyer

Render Unto Caesar: A Most Misunderstood New Testament Passage, by Jeffrey F. Barr

The Restoration of the Person and the Uses of Memory, by Michael D. Aeschliman

Rights, Liberties, and Romans 13, by Paul Green

Romans 13 and the Right to Bear Arms, by Paul Green

St. Paul and the Communists, by Frank Chodorov

St. Paul Tweaks the Emperor’s Nose, by Randy England

The Scientists Take Over: C. S. Lewis Denounced Transhumanism in 1945, by Daniel Taylor

Screwtape Proposes a Toast, by C.S. Lewis

Secular Theocracy: The Foundations and Folly of Modern Tyranny, by David J. Theroux

Social Justice: How Good Intentions Undermine Justice and Gospel, by E. Calvin Beisner

Social Justice Reconsidered: Austrian Economics and Catholic Social Teaching, by Edward Feser

Socialist Darwinism, by Richard Weikart

Stay Out of Our Wardrobe! The Libertarian Narnia State, by R. Andrew Newman

The Truth About the Catholic Church and Slavery, by Rodney Stark

Was C.S. Lewis a Libertarian? by David V Urban

Wilberforce and the Roots of Freedom, by Jonathan J. Bean

Psychology:

C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Freud: A Comparison of Their Thoughts and Viewpoints on Life, Pain and Death, by Armand M. Nicholi, Jr.

The Dour Analyst and the Joyous Christian: In the realm of mental balance and personal peace, Sigmund Freud had nothing on C. S. Lewis, by David Neff

On the Origins of the Mind, by David Berlinski

The Psychology of Atheism, by Paul C. Vitz

Science and Scientism:

The Abolition of Man? How Politics and Culture Have Been Dehumanized in the Name of Science, by John G. West

The Abolition of Man, One More Time, by Steven Garber (pdf file)

The Abolition of Man: Reflections on Reductionism with Special Reference to Eugenics, by Peter S. Williams

The Abolition of Man: Quotations and Allusions, compiled by Arend Smilde

Astronomical Evidences for the God of the Bible, by Hugh Ross

The Caused Beginning of the Universe: A Response to Quentin Smith, by William Lane Craig

Christianity and Hayek, by Kenneth G. Elzinga and Matthew R. Givens (pdf file)

Converting Matter into Mind: Alchemy and the Philosopher's Stone in Cognitive Science, by William A. Dembski

Conflating Matter and Mind: Response, by William A. Dembski

Cosmology Confronts the Creator, by Hugh Ross

Creation and Big Bang Cosmology, by William Lane Craig

C. S. Lewis and the Materialist Menace, by John G. West, Jr.

C. S. Lewis on Mere Science, by Michael Aeschliman

C. S. Lewis: Science and Scientism, by Henry F. Schaefer III

Darwin, Mind and Meaning, by Alvin Plantinga

The Dawkins Confusion: Naturalism ad absurdum, by Alvin Plantinga

The Deniable Darwin, by David Berlinski

Design and the Anthropic Principle, by Hugh Ross

Economic Science and the Poverty of Naturalism: C. S. Lewis’s “Argument from Reason”, by David J. Theroux

The Existence of God and the Beginning of the Universe, by William Lane Craig

Fact, Fable, and Darwin, by Rodney Stark

Faith and Quantum Theory, by Stephen M. Barr

The Galileo Affair, by George Sim Johnston

God and the Initial Cosmological Singularity: A Reply to Quentin Smith, by William Lane Craig

Growing Pains: Problems with Puberty Suppression in Treating Gender Dysphoria, by Paul W. Hruz, Lawrence S. Mayer, and Paul R. McHugh

The Incompatibility of Naturalism and Scientific Realism, by Robert C. Koons

Is There Scientific Evidence for the Existence of God? by Walter L. Bradley

Miracles and Modern Scientific Thought, by Norman Geisler

Nothing More than Blood and Bones?: Consciousness, Artificial Intelligence & God, by Peter S. Williams

On the Origins of the Mind, by David Berlinski

Quantum Mechanics, a Modern Goliath, by Hugh Ross

Randomness by Design, by William A. Dembski

Restoration of Man: To Mark the Fiftieth Anniversary of C.S. Lewis's The Abolition of Man, by John R. Lucas

The Restoration of the Person and the Uses of Memory, by Michael D. Aeschliman

Sam Harris: Believing in Almost Anything, by David J. Theroux

Science and Design, by William A. Dembski

Science, Metaphysics, and Worldviews, by James Stump

A Scientist Reflects on Religious Belief, by Allan Sandage

The Scientists Take Over: C. S. Lewis Denounced Transhumanism in 1945, by Daniel Taylor

Stephen Hawking, the Big Bang, and God, by Henry F. Schaefer III

The Teleological Argument: An Exploration of the Fine-Tuning of the Universe, by Robin Collins

The Teleological Argument and the Anthropic Principle, by William Lane Craig

The Ultimate Question of Origins: God and the Beginning of the Universe, by William Lane Craig

Theism vs. Naturalism:

Advice to Christian Philosophers, by Alvin Plantinga

The Argument from Reason, by Victor Reppert

Battle for the Mind, by Edmund A. Opitz

C. S. Lewis and the Materialist Menace, by John G. West, Jr.

C. S. Lewis on Freud and Marx, by Art Lindsley (pdf file)

The Cardinal Difficulty for Naturalism: C.S. Lewis’ Argument Reconsidered in Light of Peter van Inwagen’s Critique, by Marcel Sarot

The Caused Beginning of the Universe: A Response to Quentin Smith, by William Lane Craig

Christianity and Hayek, by Kenneth G. Elzinga and Matthew R. Givens (pdf file)

Darwin, Mind and Meaning, by Alvin Plantinga

The Dawkins Confusion: Naturalism ad absurdum, by Alvin Plantinga

The Designed "Just So" Universe, by Walter L. Bradley

Did Darwin Destroy the Design Argument?, by James A. Sadowsky

Economic Science and the Poverty of Naturalism: C. S. Lewis’s “Argument from Reason”, by David J. Theroux

Evolution vs. Naturalism: Why They Are Like Oil and Water, by Alvin Plantinga

An Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism, by Alvin Plantinga

The Experiential Basis of Theism, by William P. Alston

Faith and Quantum Theory, by Stephen M. Barr

Hume, Kant, and Rational Theism, by Hugo Meynell

The Incompatibility of Naturalism and Scientific Realism, by Robert C. Koons

Intellectual Sophistication and Basic Belief in God, by Alvin Plantinga

Introduction: The Resurrection of Theism, by William Lane Craig

Is There a Role for Natural Theology Today? by Owen Gingerich

Is There Scientific Evidence for the Existence of God? How the Recent Discoveries Support a Designed Universe, by Walter L. Bradley

The Justification of Theism, by Richard G. Swinburne

Knowledge and Naturalism, by Dallas A. Willard

The Materialist Superstition, by George Gilder

Mere Economic Science: C. S. Lewis and the Poverty of Naturalism, by David J. Theroux

The Mystery of Persons and Belief in God, by C. Stephen Evans

Naturalism and Libertarian Agency, by Stewart Goetz

Naturalism and Moral Realism, by Michael Rea

Naturalism Defeated, by Alvin Plantinga

Physics and the Mind of God: The Templeton Prize Address, by Paul Davies

Religion and Science, by Alvin Plantinga

Restoration of Man: To Mark the Fiftieth Anniversary of C.S. Lewis's The Abolition of Man, by John R. Lucas

Sam Harris: Believing in Almost Anything, by David J. Theroux

The Teleological Argument: An Exploration of the Fine-Tuning of the Universe, by Robin Collins

Theism, Atheism, and Rationality, by Alvin Plantinga

Truth in the Fire: C. S. Lewis and Pursuit of Truth Today, by Dallas Willard

The Twilight of Atheism, by Alister McGrath

University Battles: C. S. Lewis and the Oxford University Socratic Club, by Christopher W. Mitchell

What Is Naturalism, that We Should Be Mindful of It? by William P. Alston

What Lewis really did to Miracles: A philosophical layman’s attempt to understand the Anscombe affair, by Arend Smilde

Why Searle Is a Property Dualist, by Edward Feser

Why the Burden of Proof is on the Atheist, by Ralph McInerny

I can vividly recall the first time I read C.S. Lewis’s The Screwtape Letters. I was fourteen, and I was prepared to be terrified by the book, knowing of its demonic subject matter and believing at the time in invisible malevolence. The novel is written as a series of letters between Screwtape and his nephew Wormwood, two devils tasked with corrupting their human charges, or “patients,” through all sorts of subtle and insidious tricks. The book has a reputation as a literary aid to Christian living—like Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress—but it’s so much more than that. Instead of fire and brimstone, I found ribald wit, sharp satire, a cutting psychological dissection of the modern Western mind, with its evasions, pretensions, and cagey delusions. Stripped of its theology, it might have been written by Orwell or Sartre, though Lewis clearly owes a debt to Kierkegaard, as well as the long tradition of medieval morality plays, with their cavorting devils and didactic human types. Yes, the book is baldly moralistic, but it’s also a brilliant examination of all the twisted ways we fool ourselves and dissemble,  or if you like, get led astray by evil forces.

If you haven't read the book, you can see a concise animation of a critical scene above, one of seven made by "C.S. Lewis Doodle" that illustrate the key points of some of Lewis's books and essays. Lewis believed in evil forces, but his method of presenting them is primarily literary, and therefore ambiguous and open to many different readings (somewhat like the devil Woland in Mikhail Bulgakov’s The Master and Margarita). The author imagined hell as “something like the bureaucracy of a police state or a thoroughly nasty business office,” a description as chilling as it is inherently comic. As you can see above in the animated scene from Screwtape by C.S. Lewis Doodle, the devils—though drawn in this case as old-fashioned winged fiends—behave like petty functionaries as they lead Wormwood’s solidly middle-class “patient” into the sinister clutches of materialist doctrine by appealing to his intellectual vanity. As much as it’s a condemnation of said doctrine, the scene also works as a critique of a popular discourse that thrives on fashionable jargon and the desire to be seen as relevant and well-read, no matter the truth or coherence of one’s beliefs.

Screwtape was by no means my first introduction to Lewis’s works. Like many, many people, I cut my literary teeth on The Chronicles of Narnia (available on audio here) and his brilliant sci-fi Space Trilogy. But it was the first book of his I’d read that was clearly apologetic in its intent, rather than allegorical. I’m sure I’m not unique among Lewis’s readers in graduating from Screwtape to his more philosophical books and many essays. One such piece, “We Have No (Unlimited) Right to Happiness,” takes on the modern conception of rights as natural guarantees, rather than societal conventions. As he critiques this relatively recent notion, Lewis develops a theory of sexual morality in which “when two people achieve lasting happiness, this is not solely because they are great lovers but because they are also—I must put it crudely—good people; controlled, loyal, fair-minded, mutually adaptable people.” The C.S. Lewis Doodle above illustrates the many examples of fickleness and inconstancy that Lewis presents in his essay as foils for the virtues he espouses.

The Lewis Doodle seen here illustrates his 1948 essay “On Living in an Atomic Age,” in which Lewis chides readers for the panic and paranoia over the impending threat of nuclear war in the wake of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Such an occurrence, he writes, would only result in the already inevitable—death—just as the plagues of the sixteenth century or Viking raids:

This is the first point to be made: and the first action to be taken is to pull ourselves together. If we are all going to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, let that bomb when it comes find us doing sensible and human things - praying, working, teaching, reading, listening to music, bathing the children, playing tennis, chatting to our friends over a pint and a game of darts - not huddled together like frightened sheep and thinking about bombs. They may break our bodies (a microbe can do that) but they need not dominate our minds.

It seems a very mature, and noble, perspective, but if you think that Lewis glibly glosses over the substantively different effects of a nuclear age from any other—fallout, radiation poisoning, the end of civilization itself—you are mistaken. His answer, however, you may find as I do deeply fatalistic. Lewis questions the value of civilization altogether as a hopeless endeavor bound to end in any case in “nothing.” “Nature is a sinking ship,” he writes, and dooms us all to annihilation whether we hasten the end with technology or manage to avoid that fate. Here is Lewis the apologist, presenting us with the starkest of options—either all of our endeavors are utterly meaningless and without purpose or value, since we cannot make them last forever, or all meaning and value reside in the theistic vision of existence. I’ve not myself seen things Lewis’s way on this point, but the C.S. Lewis Doodler does, and urges his viewers who agree to “send to your enquiring atheistic mates” his lovely little adaptations. Or you can simply enjoy these as many non-religious readers of Lewis enjoy his work—take what seems beautiful, humane, true, and skillfully, lucidly written (or drawn), and leave the rest for your enquiring Christian mates.

You can watch all seven animations of C.S. Lewis's writings here.

Related Content:

C.S. Lewis’ Prescient 1937 Review of The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien: It “May Well Prove a Classic”

Free Audio: Download the Complete Chronicles of Narnia by C.S. Lewis

18 Animations of Classic Literary Works: From Plato and Shakespeare, to Kafka, Hemingway and Gaiman

Watch Animations of Oscar Wilde’s Children’s Stories “The Happy Prince” and “The Selfish Giant”

Josh Jones is a writer and musician based in Durham, NC. Follow him at @jdmagness.


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